Integrity pact

The Integrity Pact (IP) in public procurement procedures is a tool for prevention of corruption and opaque management of public funds. The IP was developed by the global anti-corruption movement Transparency International. The Pact represents a written contract between a contracting authority and tenderers in the procedure for public procurement awarding, which lays out the opportunity of independent civil monitoring, conducted by independent external observer.


The main goal of the Integrity Pact implementation is to support the efforts of the public institutions, business sector and civil society in several directions:

  • Prevention and counteraction of corruption in public procurement;
  • Improved efficiency in public funds management;
  • Better conditions for access to public funds by the business.


Implementation of the IP in public procurement contributes to:

  • Enhancing of transparency and integrity of tenders;
  • Encouragement of cooperation between public administration and business;
  • Early warning and identification of potential challenges;
  • Effective civil control over performance of the bidders and the contractor of the public procurement;
  • Effective civil control over performance of the contracting authority;
  • Modernization of public administration;
  • Promotion of business integrity and ethical standards.


CONTRACTING AUTHORITY in the IP is a public authority (within the central or local government) which conducts the public procurement procedure. Obligations of the Contracting Authority include securing of access to information to the Independent Observer in regard with the preparation and conducting of the tender, as well as in regard with the contract implementation.


TENDERERS are the other party in the Integrity Pact. Tenderers are all natural or legal entities entitled to bid for a certain contract implementation.  By acceding the Pact, tenderers express their commitment to follow rules and procedures for business ethics, to not violate fair competition principles and to ensure to the Independent Observer access to documents and information, which are bound up with their participation in the public procurement, and if awarded the contract – of its implementation.


INDEPENDENT OBSERVER is the third party of the Integrity Pact, which does not have direct interest in public funds allocation. The Observer should be an independent non-governmental organization possessing good reputation and professional expertise in carrying out independent civil monitoring.


The main principles of action of the Independent Observer are professionalism, integrity and impartiality. It observes all stages of the tender, that is, preparatory stage, bidding and contracting procedure, and contract implementation. The Observer ensures publicity of the process by disclosure of its findings.


The Bulgarian model of the Integrity Pact was developed by Transparency International – Bulgaria based on numerous expert evaluations, sociological surveys, analyses of national legislation, comparative studies, and research on international know-how in the public procurement, concession and privatization procedures. It is elaborated in accordance with the Bulgarian legislation and represents an additional instrument for increased transparency and integrity in one of the most problematic areas of governance – the awarding and execution of public procurement.


The Integrity Pact in Bulgaria is opened for accession to all bidders in a certain tender. The accession to the IP is voluntary.


TI – Bulgaria performs its monitoring function under an Integrity Pact usually based on previously concluded cooperation agreement or memorandum of understanding with the respective contracting authority. Such an agreement is designed to ensure cooperation, information exchange, and transfer of expertise between the Contracting Authority and the Observer.


The pilot implementation of Integrity Pacts in Bulgaria took place in 2012 – 2014. Further details regarding the pilot implementation and the specific tenders are available below.


Currently TI – Bulgaria is Independent Observer in the public procurement procedure for design and construction of the Zheleznista tunnel within the Lot 3.1 of Struma highway.

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